Santa Cruz County is governed by State Statutes as to how public funds are spend on roadways. Arizona Revised Statutes § 28-6705 identifies how public funds may be spent on roads other than established County Highways. Following is the text of that Statute: 28-6705 Public Road and Street Maintenance a. The Board of supervisors may spend public monies for maintenance of public roads and streets other than legally designated state and county highways located without the limits of an incorporated city or town. Before spending public monies under this section, the road or streets shall be both: 1. Laid out, opened and constructed without cost to the County. 2. Completed pursuant to a plat approved pursuant to sections 11-802 and 11-806 and in accordance with standard engineering road specifications adopted by the board of supervisors to ensure uniform compliance. b. The board of supervisors may spend public monies for maintenance of public roads and streets laid out, constructed and opened before June 13, 1975 even if the roads and streets were not constructed in accordance with subsection A of this section c. Maintenance of a public road or street does not include purchasing or laying cement. To reduce long-term maintenance costs for maintenance authorized by this section, the board of supervisors may spend monies to add rock products, gravel and processed materials to the base of the roads and streets. Petroleum based or nonpetroleum based products may be used in the maintenance and repair of unpaved roads, alleys and shoulders identified pursuant to section 9-500.04 or section 49-474.01 · Methods: The two most commonly utilized methods of paving unpaved roadway are by a County improvement district or Public/Private Partnership with the County's Road Division. Possible advantages and disadvantages of each method are as follows:
a) County Improvement District A minimum of 51% of the residents petition for improvements. Everyone within the district boundaries pays for their fair share and have up to ten years to pay their assessments. This is more costly than public/private partnership and will take longer.
b) Public/Private Partnership Residents agree to provide the material and other costs prior to construction. The project is then constructed by the Road Division. The contractor and the road Division may share in the project costs. Public/Private Partnership projects are generally lower in cost than improvement districts. However they must be paid for in advance and are not assessed over a ten-year period. Any financing must be done by the individual (s). There are additional costs to the paying residents if some individuals do not wish to participate in the Public/Private Partnership Project.